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What is leukemia?
Leukemia or other name blood cancer; It is a serious disease that describes the symptoms (symptoms) of abnormal cell structures that begin to evolve in bone marrow that are responsible for blood production and the spread of blood and all tissues of the body. Leukemia is a Greek word. It is a name created from the combination of “Leukos (white)” and “Haima (blood)”.
- Erythrocyte (red is the blood cells. Allows the body to exchange “nutrient-waste” and “oxygen-carbon dioxide”. This makes purchases on all the body tissues.)
- Leukocytes (white blood cells. The most important elements of the body’s defense mechanism. He fights infections.)
- They are called platelets (“blood stamps” or “platelet”). These blood stamps serve as barriers to blood pressure in the veins. In cases of injuries, these pulses attack where the wound is, and there will clot the blood to help stop the wound.
- Acute leukemia
- Chronic leukemia
What is acute leukemia?
- Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML): The types of leukemia caused by immature bone marrow cells cannot perform normal functions when there is a change in these cells. Therefore, it causes abnormal and no-work blood cells to occur. In addition, these leukemili cells prevent the formation of normal blood cells and replace the blood cells. They grow in control, they live longer than normal cells. Which leads to cell accumulation. All this means that a person’s immune system will become weaker by the day.
- Chronic myeloid leukemia: A variety of leukemia originating from the ripe bone marrow cells. Even if changes occur in the matured cells, they can continue their normal function. At least the functions are near normal. That’s why leukemia progresses very slowly. Shows itself with symptoms of anemia.
What is the healing rate of acute leukemia?
- 5-year survival rate in AML patients under the age of 65:34.9%
- 5-year survival rate in AML patients aged 65%: 4.1
What causes leukemia?
- A lot of exposure to chemicals (especially if you smell chemical substances such as “formaldehyde”, which is a cell stabilizer)
- Excess exposure to radioactive radiation (radiation) (computer, television, hair dryer, cell phone or X-ray devices are the tools that contain plenty of radiation.)
- To carry the genetic diseases that constitute immune weakness (Down syndrome comes at the beginning of these genetic diseases.)
- Chemotherapy treatment is known to be in direct contact with patients receiving chemotherapy (some chemotherapy drugs destroyed bone marrow cells.)
- Being infected with viruses that generate serious infections (severe infections play a trigger role in many serious diseases.)
- Frequent consumption of packaged foods with stale, seasonal or preservatives
- Living in places with air pollution (many people are exposed to polluted weather these days when industry develops. )
is leukemia genetic?
What are leukemia symptoms?
- Experiencing shortness of breath while moving
- Percent Wilt
- Weakness, fatigue
Leukemia Skin Symptoms:
- Gum Bleeding
- Bleeding under the skin
- Skin red rashes and itching (when pressed on the color does not fade, the size of the needle head)
- It shows itself as a morarmalar.
Symptoms of acute leukemia:
- Symptoms of anemia (weakness, shortness of breath, fatigue, wilt, anorexia)
- Night Sweats
- Non-pass infections
- Rheumatic pain in the bone
- Skin-induced problems (bruising, rashes, bleeding)
- Gum problems (blisters, bleeding, inflammations)
- In the abdomen, at the bottom of the seat, swelling in the neck area (welded from the swelling of the lymph glands.)
Symptoms of leukemia in children:
- Stubborn infections and fever
- Anorexia and weight loss
- Past and advancing bruises and glands
- In your wife, the bulge under the seat
- Pains in joints
Symptoms of final stage in Leukemia
- Stubborn infections and fever
- Breathing difficulty
- Constant sleepiness
- Past weakness
- Fatigue too fast
- I can’t do anything that’s making effort
- A serious wilt in body color
- Gingival inflammations or bleeding
- Blood urine extraction
- The presence of high proportion of “lymphocytes” in the blood. (lymphocytes are one of the elements that make up white blood cells. The immune response is served.)
- The amount of platelet falling below the normal level. (Thrombocides are blood stamps. It has the ability to stop blood flow in cases of bleeding. There is a lot of bleeding in the body since the platelet count is decreased.)
- The growth of lymph glands (with swelling in the armpit and neck area makes itself apparent. The most important symptom of leukemia)
- Spleen and liver growth
- Advanced anemia
Diagnosis of leukemia
Can leukemia be determined by blood test?
What are leukemia phases?
- The size of the swelling in the liver and spleen
- Patient Age
- The size of the damage to the bone
- Status of Chromomzs (genetic abnormalities)
- Platelet count (the number of platelets in leukemia is far below the normal reference range.)
- Whether there are other blood disorders available; What size is it
- Rai stage 0: Low risk phase. Leukocytes (white blood cells/lymphocytes) appear more than usual in blood counts. It’s called lymphocytosis.
- Rai Stage 1: Medium risk group. In this phase, the lymph becomes swollen. Lymphocytosis is also active in this phase.
- Rai Stage 2: In this phase, swollen lymph and lymphocytosis, as well as spleen and liver swelling are seen. It is considered a medium risk group.
- Rai Stage 3: This stage is a high-risk phase. There are many signs of blood disease. Lymphocytosis, swelling in the lymph, anemia, erythrocyte (red blood cell) is a low in progress.
- Rai Stage 4: The highest risk stage. Lymphocytosis, thrombocytopenia (the platelets are below the normal level) and all other symptoms of leukemia are in the line. The rate of response to treatments is very low.
- Remission-Induction treatment: An initial treatment lasting about 8 weeks. It’s a pretty tough treatment process. Therefore, the treatment is performed by hospitalized. The word “remission” means “full recovery.” In other words, leukemia findings are not observed at the end of the treatment and are aimed to regain health.
- Treatment of konsalidation (reinforcement): the treatment is reinforced so that the full remission can be preserved for a long time. Stem cell transplantation (transplant of bone marrow tissue from another) or chemotherapy application can be applied in the treatment of reinforcement. The way in which a path is monitored is determined by the patient’s condition. If the patient has a low risk of recurrence of leukemia, treatment is maintained with chemotherapy only. If the risk situation in the patient is moderate or high, bone marrow transplantation is possible. Finding the proper donor (the person who donates stem cells) is always difficult. Usually the patient’s siblings help with this. In terms of both volunteering and tissue harmony, brothers have always had an advantage.
How long is leukemia treatment?
Considerations during Leukemia treatment
Does leukemia cure cause infertility?
Symptoms of death in Leukemia
Patients are unresponsive, the disease is progressing and the entire body system is taken over by the “end of life phase” is not to be hunted; On the contrary, he wants to face facts. That makes them feel a lot better.