What is Hepatitis C ?

What is Hepatitis C ?

Hepatitis C
what is hepatitis c

HCV; Hepatitis C is a hepatitis C infection.  HCV is a virus that is infectious mainly by blood and is quite insidious. Without entering the late phase, the person does not realize that he carries the Hepatitis C virus in his body, and so many people can infect the virus. Getting started is rather difficult. Asymptomatic (symptomless) is true in this case. Emerging signs are simple statements such as fatigue and fatigue that people live in their lives many times and do not need to take into consideration.

The efficacy of the hepatitis C infection in the body may vary from person to person. It can be recovered in a short time, it is also possible to carry this disease for a lifetime. In this regard, hepatitis c can be found in 3 forms in the body:
  • Acute Hepatitis C: A short-term infection that terminates its activity in about 6 months after receiving the HCV virus in the body.
  • Chronic Hepatitis C: It is a hepatitis c form that occurs until the end of life. In later periods, it can cause serious liver diseases such as liver cancer or cirrhosis by causing damage to the liver.
  • Acute Form Chronic Form Evolving Hepatitis C: Approximately 70% of patients with hepatitis C face this situation.

How to Find Hepatitis C ?

how to combat hepatitis c
how to find hepatitis c
How to Find Hepatitis C Countermeasures To find out the answer, it is first necessary to focus on the questions of hepatitis c transmission pathways or causes of hepatitis c. It is known that hepatitis c is responsible for HCV named virus and people or objects with this virus are confronted as a risk factor. The most important risk factor in this regard is blood transfusion. It is highly possible that people who have to take blood continuously and in large quantities for any reason will catch hepatitis c virus.
However, injuries with objects containing this virus, contact between exposed or injured areas of hepatitis c patients, and hepatitis c infection and hepatitis c infection. If a candidate for a mother is infected with hepatitis c, it may infect the baby with the baby.
Those who are at risk for hepatitis c in the light of this information can be listed as follows:
  • Blood patients: Blood patients may have to constantly receive blood transfusions.
  • Drug addicts: People who have very frequent intravenous drug applications are likely to be exposed to drug treatment with an injector that is not hygienic or contains hepatitis c virus. Drug addicts usually inject drugs intravenously with their friends, using the same injector in turn. This, in turn, pose a risk for many blood-borne viruses.
  • Dialysis patients: In cases where the kidney does not work, dialysis is switched on. Various devices are used to dispose of waste materials. Through these devices an average of 35% of the viruses can infect.
  • People who are married to a person who has received hepatitis c virus or who have acquired sexual partners with these patients.
  • People who have more than one sexual partner: As the number of people who live with sex increases, the chance of having sex with a person with a virus one day increases one time at a time.
  • Health personnel
  • Babies in the womb of mother candidates carrying the hepatitis c virus; are at risk for hepatitis c. (These babies have an average 5-6% risk of having hepatitis c infection from their mother.)
The probability of hepatitis c infection is much lower than that of hepatitis B; but when infected it is much more dangerous than hepatitis b. Almost half of serious liver diseases (cirrhosis, liver cancer, etc.) can be said to be responsible for hepatitis.


Hepatitis C Symptoms

Hepatitis C Symptoms
hepatitis c symptoms
When does the hepatitis c indication occur? Only 30-33% of people who have acquired hepatitis c virus have jaundice findings. In 70% of the cases, there is usually no evidence. The findings are so simple that they are never considered. However, when the disease reaches a point where it is difficult to recover, it begins to give symptoms. The greatest danger of hepatitis c is this insidious progression.
Since it is often not possible to catch onset, hepatitis c infection progresses to about 85%, becoming serious and causing serious health problems. Approximately 70% of this 85% part develops serious liver diseases that last for life. In this 70% part, an average of 15% catches cirrhosis in the long run; while an average of 3% is confronted with the reality of liver cancer. The earlier the hepatitis c disease, which can cause such serious consequences, is noticed, the better.
Hepatitis c disease can cause the following symptoms or findings other than jaundice:
  • Severe joint aches after arthritis (arthritis)
  • Bleed or unflattering lesions on the skin
  • Autoimmune thyroiditis: The body’s own immune system sees its own thyroid glands as foreign, and the thyroid is fighting, causing destruction in that tissue. According to the size and position of the destruction created by this situation, the thyroid works very hard or very little. Symptoms related to more or less work of thyroid can be observed in this process. This situation, which is considered to be a thyroid problem, is caused by hepatitis c but is revealed as a result of detailed analysis.
  • Head and abdomen pain,
  • Muscle weakness and general weakness
  • Indigestion and nausea (This is especially true for fatty foods.)
  • Excess weight loss
  • Dark urine

Hepatitis C Diagnosis

How To Diagnose Hepatitis C
how hepatitis c is diagnosed
A number of blood tests have been developed for the diagnosis of hepatitis C. However, it is very important that these blood tests are carried out at the appropriate time. The HCV virus starts to activate itself in the body between 2 weeks and 6 months, just as it is with the HIV virus. Therefore, it is not a benefit to have a hepatitis c test immediately after the suspect. If the hepatitis c virus has not entered the body before, the result will probably be negative. It is therefore necessary to wait at least 2 weeks past the suspicious situation if possible. The actual result can be obtained after 6 months have been completed. However, this six-month long process increases the likelihood that those who donate blood very often and those who have active sexual lives may infect other people with this virus. It is unfortunately not possible to detect this virus in a short period of time, as it is in a few days.
It is recommended that people who suspect that the person has been infected should not give blood, enter protected sexual intercourse (condoms) and become pregnant before they have a consistent outcome from the tests. These measures are the responsibility of one’s health to others.
There are three known test methods for HCV diagnosis:
  • Anti-HCV: When the HCV virus enters the body, the body’s defense mechanism creates a virus-specific antibody. These antibodies are called “anti-HCV”. The presence of Anti-HCV in the body is termed “negative” as the absence of “positive”. The test also results in a “mildly positive” result. This result is confusing. This can happen if there is no anti-HCV in the body. Therefore, in order to prevent misdiagnosis, it is necessary to confirm the HCV-positive result with other test methods developed for HCV.
  • HCV RIBA Test: This test method is applied to confirm the anti-HCV test. The presence of the developed antibody against the Kanda HCV virus is detected. It is not possible to learn if an infection with HCV has occurred in the body.
  • HCV-RNA PCR Test: It is possible to detect the presence of HCV infection by this method. Not HCV antibodies here; the HCV itself is directly detected. The results are very consistent and enable you to get results much faster than other tests. It also quantifies how many HCV are in each ml of blood. (viral load position) So it reflects the situation in a very transparent way. This means that the treatment method can be selected in the most appropriate way; helps to better determine the dose and duration of the drugs.

Hepatitis C Treatment

Hepatitis C Treatment
hepatitis c treatment
In the olden days, hepatitis c disease was known as a disease that was not cirrhosis and gradually led to death.
  • The hepatitis c kills,
  • Do you have hepatitis c treatment,
  • How long does hepatitis c treatment last?
  • Frequent questioning of the questions such as whether hepatitis c is fully recovered is due to this helplessness in the past.
Of course, it is quite frustrating and frightening to think that this overactive and insidious disease that more than 150 million people in the world are trying to cope with is untreated and lethal. The disease is not a symptom or symptom, it is infectious, it spreads in many ways and it is noticed in the very late stage.
The fact that it is so grave has put the world of medicine and science in motion and has become a driving force for much further steps in the treatment of hepatitis c. In these days hepatitis c treatment is being applied very effectively and positive results are observed in large scale.
This disease, which is considered as untreated, has become an effective disease that can now be cured with new medicines gained in the world. Economically challenging, these drugs came to an end after being included in SSI and this situation has been a hope for many people. Approximately 96% improvement can be seen with the correct treatment method determined according to the condition of the person.
The duration of treatment varies from 3 to 6 months. How lethal the hepatitis c disease is:
  • Hepatitis C infection is noticed in the stomach,
  • The method used in the treatment and the drugs used,
  • If the doctor considers the appropriate treatment instructions for the patient,
  • It can vary depending on how tightly the communication between the doctor and the patient is and how strictly the patient’s follow-up is.
Approximately 30% of newly diagnosed hepatitis c disease, which is defined as acute hepatitis c, heals spontaneously without any treatment and the virus is completely eliminated from the body. In 70% of the cases, hepatitis c becomes chronic and lifelong HCV is transported in the liver. And these viruses can cause liver failure, cancer or cirrhosis over time.
Hepatitis c drugs are highly effective medicines that have been developed to prevent all these liver diseases from happening and being transmitted. It can be said that it is the product of 25 years of accumulation. If treatments and follow-up are well done, hepatitis c can be completely cured and the liver can be slowly repaired.
Drugs used in the treatment of hepatitis C may be in the form of needles or pills; but it is now only taken as a pill, and if treatment is performed well, over 80% recovery can be achieved in as little as 12 weeks.


Hepatitis C Protection Routes

hepatitis c protection routes
hepatitis c protection routes
Hepatitis c is the first to come to mind in terms of hepatitis c protection. Unfortunately, there is no hepatitis c vaccine developed in the medical world. This forces them to be more cautious about hepatitis c transmission. Our country in general is a country that is very open to sharing. Food and beverages, in particular, can have a fairly wide range of sharing, just as personal goods can be reached. As a result, sharing of viruses with various materials becomes inevitable.
First of all, this virus is not something that can be infected with catering, hugging, nursing, using the same cutlery, or nursing. But in all these cases, the situation can change when the blood gets into the work. Every situation where a wound and blood is a risk factor. A person with hepatitis c carrier is responsible for the health of other people. So when these people are injured, they must find a way to close the wound and the people around them should warn this. At the same time, the sexually related condom must be used and the partner should be informed about it.
Those who do not have hepatitis c should pay attention to the following:
  • Someone else’s personal items should not be used: Especially hairdressers present a serious risk in this regard. Razors, nail scissors, manicure-pedicure tools, toothbrushes are personal items and should not be shared. People should take these materials with them and do them with them or do them.
  • If an application is to be made with the injector, it must be ensured that this injector has not been used before.
  • In the materials used for tattooing, the blood of someone carrying hepatitis c virus may be infected. For this reason, tattooing should be done in clean working places where sterilization is important. It should also be noted that the earlobes used for the earring have not been used by someone else before.
  • Condom use should not be neglected.

Which doctor goes to hepatitis C?

To get hepatitis c control, people should not expect any complaints. It is recommended that anyone with risk factors have at least one HCV test in their life. Individuals can be examined by referral to a health center where the Specialist of Liver Diseases and the Specialist of Infectious Diseases is available and referrals for HCV testing.

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