What is Hepatitis B ?

What is Hepatitis B?

What is hepatitis B
Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a virus living in the liver. Most adults who get this disease get hepatitis B for a short period of time, then recover and continue to their lives. Such cases are called acute hepatitis B. Hepatitis B, also known as “jaundice” among people, is called chronic hepatitis B when it causes long-term infection. Over time, damage to the liver occurs. Chronic hepatitis B is more likely to be seen in infants and children infected with the virus.

You can not get caught up in hepatitis B and realize this disease. It is also possible that you can not find any evidence. So even if the symptom occurs, you can feel as if the cousin has been caught. But every minute you carry the virus, you will have the possibility of infecting another person with this disease.

Do you kill hepatitis B?

Yeah. Hepatitis B, which can lead to organ failure in the long term and causes irreparable damage to the liver, can also cause cancer and can lead to death if it is not treated.

What causes hepatitis B?

Hepatitis B is a disease caused by hepatitis B virus infection in the liver. Using a syringe, toothbrush or razor used by the hepatitis B carrier can lead healthy people to catch hepatitis B virus. In addition to contact with infected blood or sexual intercourse with a sick person.

Hepatitis B is contagious?

Yes, Hepatitis B is contagious. The said virus is able to pass to the body of another person who is infected with blood, sperm or vaginal fluids (including menstrual blood).

How do you get hepatitis B?

How to combat Hepatitis B
How to combat Hepatitis B
People with short-term, or acute, infection may start to produce antibodies to the body’s hepatitis B virus, which may not cause the resulting virus to spread to other people. However, people with chronic, long-term infections can infect other people with hepatitis B as long as the disease is active.
It is possible to summarize hepatitis B transmission routes briefly as follows.
Sexual contact: Hepatitis B virus can be transmitted through the rectum, vagina, urethra (urinary tract) or mouth regions of the body. Using the needle, cotton, spoon, and water used by someone else can also cause the infection.
Blood: Nurses working in health facilities and receiving blood from infected patients are at risk. If a used needle or a sharp material on the body of a person with hepatitis B affects the body, the disease may be transmitted. On the other hand, infectious blood splattering on the eye, mouth, or a deep cut can also make a person infected with hepatitis B.
Birth: A newborn baby can take the virus from her mother. This usually happens when the baby is in the world and the mother is in contact with the fluid in the birth canal. However, the breast-feeding virus does not infect the baby.
Piercing and tattoos: Hepatitis B virus can also be transmitted from needles used in piercing and tattooing. Therefore, people should prefer businesses that have been subjected to sterilization (all viruses and bacterial destruction) of the needles.
Bathroom tools: Materials used in bathroom, such as razor blades and toothbrushes, contain a risk that they may carry blood from patients with hepatitis B.
In the past, cases of spread of blood transfusion and hepatitis B were common. It is also known that the disease can spread through organ transplants. However, many countries nowadays spend the blood and organs that are donated through virus scanning and try to minimize this risk. Therefore, we can say that the possibility of people with blood or organ transplantation to catch hepatitis B is very low.

Is hepatitis B spitting?

No. Hepatitis B only confuses another person through blood, sperm or vaginal fluids. Spitting is not infectious. Even kissing the hepatitis B carrier does not make the patient suffer from hepatitis B.

Are hepatitis B confused by breastfeeding?

Even in people who do not have hepatitis B vaccine, a case in which the disease has been transmitted to the baby through breastfeeding has not been reported to date. Breastfeeding therefore does not constitute a risk factor for the baby.

What is the hepatitis B indication?

What is the hepatitis B indication
What is the hepatitis B indication
Indications and markers of hepatitis B infection can be mild to severe. In general, the symptoms that can be observed within 1 to 4 months after infecting patients can also manifest themselves within 2 weeks after infection in some cases. On the other hand, it has also been observed that some people (usually young children) do not appear to have any symptoms.
Apart from these, the hepatitis B indication can be listed as follows:
  • Abdominal pain
  • Dark colored urine
  • High fever
  • Muscle aches
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Jaundice in the skin and whitening of the eyes

When does the hepatitis B indication occur?

The symptoms occur within 3 months of the virus being involved in the body. This period is also defined as the “incubation period”. However, in some cases, hepatitis B symptoms are known to occur within 1 month and at the latest within 6 months.

What are the differences between acute and chronic hepatitis B?

What are the differences between acute and chronic hepatitis B
What are the differences between acute and chronic hepatitis B
Hepatitis B infection can sometimes be present on the body in a short time (acute) or long term (chronic). To briefly discuss the differences between these two types of infections, we can say that acute hepatitis B usually lasts for less than 6 months.
Patients’ immune system is able to throw away the acute hepatitis B infection during this time. After a few months, the body will recover completely. Most people who develop hepatitis B disease in adulthood have an acute infection, but if not treated, the disease will develop into chronic hepatitis B infection.
Chronic hepatitis B infection affects the body for 6 months or longer. Since the immune system is weak, it can not fight infection, so that chronic hepatitis B infection can remain in the body for life. This can lead to fatal diseases such as cirrhosis and liver cancer.
On the other hand, it is highly probable that chronic infections are seen in newborn infants and children under 5 years of age with hepatitis B infection.

What diseases does hepatitis B cause?

Which diseases lead to hepatitis B
Which diseases lead to hepatitis B
Chronic hepatitis B disease can cause very serious complications, which can be summarized as follows:
Liver damage (cirrhosis): Inflammation caused by hepatitis B infection can cause severe and irreparable damage to the liver. This disease is also known as “cirrhosis”. As a result of the disease, the liver begins to fail to function.
Liver cancer: People with chronic hepatitis B are more likely to develop liver cancer.
Hepatic insufficiency: Acute hepatic insufficiency occurs when the liver does not fulfill its viral functions. Transplantation of the liver is essential for survival in such cases.
Other: It is also known that chronic hepatitis B triggers various disorders such as kidney diseases and inflammation of blood vessels.

How is hepatitis B diagnosed?

Hepatitis B test
hepatitis B test
So how do you get hepatitis B? Moreover, how is hepatitis B tested?
You should visit the infectious or gastroenterological outpatient clinics of private or public hospitals for examination. Your doctor will observe signs such as liver damage, jaundice or umbilical pain to diagnose the disease. Assistance in the diagnosis of hepatitis B can also be obtained from various tests.
Blood tests: This method, which is also used to diagnose many diseases, is called hepatitis B virus. Your doctor tells you whether hepatitis B is acute or chronic after hepatitis B is given. With a simple hepatitis B test, you can also learn how well your immune system works.
Ultrason: It is possible to see how much hepatitis B damages the liver by a special ultrasonic technique, also known as liver ultrasound. This technique is also referred to as elastography.
Biopsy: Doctors who want to measure liver damage may go on to get a small piece of liver. This process is called liver biopsy. The liver part, which is taken through a very small needle reaching the liver from deep under the skin, is tested in the laboratory environment.

How is hepatitis B treated?

Most people who get caught in the disease may have a question, “Do you have hepatitis B treatment?” The treatment of hepatitis B infection can vary depending on how active the virus is and whether the person is suffering from liver damage such as cirrhosis. Also, treatment methods for short (acute) and long (chronic) chronic hepatitis B diseases are applied differently.

Acute hepatitis B treatment

hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG)
hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG)
For example, when determining the treatment of patients with acute hepatitis B, the doctors decide when you have the infection and what symptoms of the acute infection have arisen.
If you have not already had hepatitis B vaccination and you think you are infected, you should also be vaccinated against hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) as well as 3 doses of hepatitis B vaccine. It is advisable to be treated within 7 days of contact with the body of the virus needles. Also, if you have been sexually infected with hepatitis B, you should complete your vaccinations within a maximum of 2 weeks. The sooner you are treated, the greater the effect of treatment. We can give the answer to the question “Will hepatitis B pass?”
If you have symptoms of acute infection, your doctor probably will not need treatment with antiviral drugs. It is often helpful to eat a balanced and healthy diet, to drink plenty of fluids, to avoid alcohol and drug use, and to help you recover your health. In some cases, the medicines that will treat the disease acute infection can be prescribed by your doctor.

Chronic hepatitis B treatment

Long-term chronic hepatitis B treatment takes into account how much of the virus is present in the body and how much damage it inflicts on the liver. The aim of treatment; prevent the virus from multiplying and prevent further damage to the liver.
If the virus is active and there is a risk of liver damage, antiviral drugs are used. These drugs slow down the ability of the virus to multiply. However, hepatitis B drugs do not have a presumption that anyone caught with chronic hepatitis B disease will be prescribed.

Liver transplantation

Hepatitis B liver transplant
Hepatitis B liver transplant
In cases where the virus that enters the body can not be compensated for, it damages the liver. Surgeons who will perform organ transplantation during liver transplant will take the damaged liver and replace it with healthy liver. Because it is not like a kidney, livers are often transported from dead people, but if the numbers are few, some live donors may prefer to donate a certain amount of their liver.

How is Hepatitis B prevented?

How to prevent hepatitis B
How to prevent hepatitis B
Staying away from someone else’s body fluids to protect yourself from hepatitis B disease is one of the simplest and most effective measures to take. Other recommendations for preventing infection can be listed as follows:
  • Use a condom during sexual intercourse.
  • Do not share needles, toothbrushes, or razor blades.
  • If you need to touch your blood, use latex or plastic gloves. (The same goes for bandages and bumpers.)
  • Do not tattoos or piercings unless the needles to be used are clean and sterile, ie are not completely cleaned.
  • If you have not had hepatitis B yet, shoot hepatitis B vaccine.
  • Always close all open wounds and cuts.
  • Do not give any food you chew to your baby.

Natural and herbal treatment methods for hepatitis B patients

It is possible that patients who are fed with healthy and natural foods that go through minor changes in lifestyle while medicines or vaccine therapy continue can speed up the healing process.

1. Follow a healthy and balanced diet program

The way in which a person with hepatitis B can live longer and better is not only adopting a healthy lifestyle, but also eating a balanced diet. Consuming nutrients containing chlorophyll, while reducing stress, prevents damage to the liver. The most beneficial, liver-cleansing and anti-cancer foods for patients can be listed as follows:
  • Leafy green plants: spinach, cabbage, rocket and lettuce
  • Turgiller: broccoli, cauliflower and brussel sprouts
  • Root crops: carrots, sweet potatoes, beets and squash
  • Fresh fruits: Especially blueberries, blackberries, goji fruits and citrus fruits
  • Fresh herbs: Basil, parsley, thyme and ginger
  • Organic meat and fish caught
  • Herb-fed cow or chick liver
  • Probiotic foods such as kefir, cottage cheese and yoghurt
  • Walnut, linen and chia seeds
  • Unrefined oils such as coconut oil or olive oil
One of the most common symptoms of hepatitis B is nausea and vomiting. For this reason, it is advisable for patients to start the day with a good breakfast. If nausea persists, lighter foods may be preferred at lunch and dinner. Patients who want to get rid of nausea by natural means can add 1-2 drops of mint oil to a glass of water and drink it. Vegetables and fruit juices can also be drunk after you are sure that enough fluid has been ingested. By strengthening the immune and digestive system, it will be possible to accelerate the healing process.

2- Avoid the infections that cause inflammation

To avoid the rooting of hepatitis B in the body, and to reduce the most obvious symptoms, the food and beverages that lead to inflammation should be preferred as much as possible. These include sugar, processed oils, carbohydrates, traditional dairy products, and fabricated meats. On the other hand, no processed, packaged foods sold in the markets should be bought. It is also beneficial to avoid acetaminophen-acting drugs, which act against drugs used in the treatment of hepatitis B as well as alcohol. Otherwise, all of this can aggravate liver damage.

3- For abundant water

Vomiting often occurs at the beginning of hepatitis B patients. This is very annoying and causes severe water loss in the body, namely dehydration. This means that patients should be absolutely sure that they are taking up fluid amounts of fluid. It is advisable to drink at least 8 glasses of water every day and plenty of fluid intake every single day. Fresh vegetables and juices are also available.
Bone water, which gives immunity to the immune system thanks to the beneficial components it contains, also positively affects patients with the hepatitis B virus.

4- Avoid the Stresten

In order to prevent the spread of the virus and to remove the indication from it, it is necessary to reduce the level of stress and leave the events to flow a bit. If you are tired and the energy is completely exhausted, it is advisable to avoid exhausting activities. Let your body rest and relax. From time to time you can perform natural stress relief activities such as going out for a short walk or doing yoga. It is also advisable to take a hot shower and spend time reading a book.
You can also use room smell with lavender oil at home or at work to reduce the stress level and reach inner peace.

5- Try the camel thorn

Camel’s stem, which helps the liver maintain its functions in a healthy way, is also good for hepatitis B patients. A powerful detoxifier, a camel’s stalk is a plant that often comes in contact with nature. The drug that helps renew the liver cells also helps to remove harmful toxins from the liver in the body.
The named cilimarin ingredient in the content of the camel’s spine reduces the stress level and takes on the actioxidant function. Also known as throwing harmful toxins into liver cells, camel is very good for both acute and chronic hepatitis B and liver diseases.
Nowadays, you can buy a camel by visiting any trader or herbal medicine point of sale.

Hepatitis B vaccine

Hepatitis B vaccine
Hepatitis B vaccine
Another way to prevent infection is through hepatitis B vaccination. The vaccine, which is successful in 95 percent against hepatitis B, is taken in series. 3 or 4 needles are made in different dates. People with a vaccine can protect themselves against hepatitis B infection for at least 20 years. They may also be a vaccine containing a mixture of hepatitis A and B,

Hepatitis B vaccine is made by who

You may have hepatitis B vaccine without any valid reason, there are no obstacles in front of it. However, doctors often recommend that certain groups of the population have hepatitis B vaccine. These groups include health workers, such as doctors and nurses, people with multiple sexual partners, and people with certain diseases.
Even if you are among the above mentioned groups, you can ask your doctor to claim hepatitis B vaccination. Because only 15 out of 100 people who get hepatitis B disease in the USA can not give any opinion about how the disease is transmitted to the body. Because it is a very insidious and contagious disease, it is possible to take precautions and vaccinate early.
In addition to all of these, we have already stated that newborn babies and children are obliged to have hepatitis B vaccination.

When is hepatitis B vaccine done

When is hepatitis B vaccine done
When is hepatitis B vaccine done

It is imperative that all children have hepatitis B vaccination, but adults may also have hepatitis B vaccination. There is no time limit for this.

Hepatitis B vaccine in babies consists of 3 doses in total. These vaccinations are made at the following age ranges:
  • The first dose at birth
  • During the 1-2 month period, the second dose
  • The third dose in 6-18 months.
Children and adolescents younger than 19 years of age may also be vaccinated against Hepatitis B if they are not already vaccinated with hepatitis B, by referring to the nearest health facility.
Just as in children, 3 doses of hepatitis B are used for adults. The second dose is shot 1 month after the first dose is shot. The third and last dose is given after 6 months.
Besides all these,
  • With diabetes (sugar) disease
  • People living with or having sexual intercourse with someone with hepatitis B
  • Sexual intercourse with multiple partners
  • Having sexually transmitted diseases
  • Male man having sexual intercourse
  • Using needle
  • Contact with blood at work
  • Hemodialysis for kidney problems
  • It is highly recommended that people who travel to countries where hepatitis B disease is common should be vaccinated against hepatitis B.
Immunizations do not work after infecting the body. The aim of the hepatitis B vaccine is to prevent infection. In this way, “Hepatitis B vaccine causes why?”

What are the side effects of hepatitis B vaccine?

What are the side effects of hepatitis B vaccine
What are the side effects of hepatitis B vaccine
Hepatitis B vaccine side effects in infants are usually transient and will disappear within a few days. At the beginning of the side effects are usually high fever. In addition, redness or tenderness can be observed where the needle is made. Severe side effects of the hepatitis B vaccine are very rare.
As with any medication, there is a very low chance that the hepatitis B vaccine will lead to a very serious reaction. However, it is always helpful to keep in mind that hepatitis B vaccination is safer than hepatitis B vaccination.

Where is the hepatitis B vaccine?

State hospitals and health centers make hepatitis B vaccinations for all children free of charge. Hepatitis B vaccination can also be done in special hospitals but there is a demand for some fee.

Where is the hepatitis B vaccine done?

Contrary to most other vaccines, hepatitis B is not shot from the hip. Hepatitis B vaccine shot for adults is shot in the legs of newborn babies.

What is hepatitis B carrier?

What is hepatitis B carrier
What is hepatitis B carrier
About 10 percent of adults with hepatitis B and most children under the age of five fail to thrive on this liver-threatening condition. After a while, the virus may still be more active in the body, although it does not show the disease’s symptoms. In these cases, the patients become hepatitis B carriers.

How do I know if I am a hepatitis B carrier?

Most people do not know if they have hepatitis B carriers until they have a blood test. At the same time, there is usually no evidence of hepatitis B in the carrier. Carriers, however, carry the risk of transmitting the disease to other people for the rest of their lives. So you need to take a blood test to see if you have Hepatitis B carrier.

Do you get hepatitis B carrier?

Yeah. It is necessary to go to the doctor’s office for the diagnosis of hepatitis B as soon as possible.

Will hepatitis B carrier improve?

Yes, nowadays hepatitis B carriers can be directed by doctors for the treatment of the disease. This is why it is recommended that carriers always look for a good doctor for the most appropriate treatment.
It is absolutely imperative to enter the imaging machines necessary to regularly undergo a doctor’s examination and to control liver functioning. Hepatitis B carriers, on the other hand, are also advised to avoid alcohol as much as possible because it damages the liver. Besides all these, it will be useful to control your eating habits, to consume the foods that may lead to liver fattening and to try to live a healthy life.

What should hepatitis B carrier do?

What should hepatitis B carrier do
What should hepatitis B carrier do
To protect your family and friends around you from hepatitis B, you can contact your doctor and get recommendations related to the necessary precautions. Besides, some measures that hepatitis B carriers should take are listed as follows:
  • Make sure all the individuals you live in the same house have hepatitis B vaccine.
  • If you are a parent, ensure that your children are vaccinated against hepatitis B.
  • Observe that all your sexual partners have had a hepatitis B test.
  • Do not enter unprotected sex.
  • Do not let anyone touch your blood or your body fluids.
  • Do not share any personal items such as syringes, toothbrushes or razors with anyone else.
  • If you are pregnant, be aware that your newborn will need special medicines and be vaccinated with hepatitis B within 12 hours of birth.


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