Alt konu başlıkları
- 1 What is Depression ?
- 2 How Can I Understand that I’m In Depression ?
- 3 What Are the Damages that Depression Can Lead in People ?
- 4 What are Depression Types ?
- 5 Major Depression
- 6 Dysthymic Depression
- 7 Atypical Depression
- 8 Psychotic Depression
- 9 Bipolar (Manic) Depression
- 10 Postpartum Depression
- 11 Seasonal Depression
What is Depression ?
Depression also means “psychological collapse” and its worldwide prevalence is quite high. The research of World Health Organization revealed that depression is the most common psychiatric disorder. Since it is the reflection of a disorder in the anterior parts of the brain, it can be said that ” depression is a brain disease.
Every person felt sick in a spiritual sense and preferred to turn in upon himself at least once in their lifetime in their everyday life. Unhappiness, tiredness knock our doors from time to time. This negative mood will be dispersed and the life will continue from where we left when we channel ourselves into things that we can cope with or we have fun with. It is a normal and humane process; however, things will not be as expected in some cases. In case these symptoms began without any reason, pleasurable activities become an affliction and all of these lasted more than 2 weeks, it is highly possible to depression is ours at the front door.
Although depression was common in adults in the past, it began to affect young people, especially in Western communities in these days which the industry is highly advanced. Depression becomes more common with each passing day. The lowest risk factor is males with 5-12%. And this ratio is around 10-25% in female.
How Can I Understand that I’m In Depression ?
The three most obvious symptoms of depression are: the negative moods experienced lasted for more than 2-3 weeks, attempts to enjoy life do not work and previously pleasurable activities for us lose their meaning. In case a person will not be able to recover their moods on their own will, then we need to be suspicious. Other typical symptoms of depression include:
- Loss of concentration,
- Turning in upon yourself,
- Feeling of emptiness,
- Blaming yourself,
- Low energy,
- Losing self-confidence,
- Pessimism, hopelessness, desperation
- Problems in sleeping patterns (sleeping a lot or not sleeping at all),
- Imbalance in appetite (not eating at all or eating a lot),
- Decrease in functionality which will lead to quite working or dropping of the school,
- Decrease in libido,
- Suicide attempts, aggression towards your environment and yourself as well as harming (this is included in clinical depression. This usually occurs when depression is accompanied by Anxiety)
What Are the Damages that Depression Can Lead in People ?
These severe depressive symptoms will inevitably leave deep traces in people. In case no measure will be taken immediately, the adverse effects that depression may cause in later lifetime periods include the following:
- Since there will be breakdowns in the meaningful chains of DNA, our genetic identity, quickly, this will lead us to age faster. Depression is also given damage to the brain cells; it will increase the risk of memory loss, loss of concentration and Alzheimer to the maximum.
- It will lead to insomnia.
- It will increase the risk of stroke by 3 times and it will also increase the risk of heart diseases by 14 times.
- It increases diabetes and obesity tendency.
- In case there is an existing place, it will lead it to progress, or in case there is a genetic tendency, it will lead it to become active in the body.
What are Depression Types ?
Each depressive case does not lead to same symptoms. The most two common type of depression is clinical (major) depression and chronic (dysthymic) depression. Apart from these, there are different types of depression with their own unique symptoms:
- Atypical Depression
- Psychotic Depression
- Bipolar (Manic) Depression
- Postpartum Depression
- Seasonal Depression
It is also called “clinical depression” since it is a severe type of mental depression which required medical intervention. It is a must to consult a specialist for the treatment. Therapy will be applied in such cases and it will be supported with antidepressant drugs. The duration of the treatment may vary depending on the will of the patient to recover and the severeness of the disease. There are even major depression cases that have been treated for years. The typical major depression is as follows:
- The person had experienced problems in almost all of his social relations.
- They are cruel and accusing to themselves. This may lead to suicide (15% of major depressive cases reported suicide attempts. This makes a major depression a fatal mental depression).
- They have a tendency to harm themselves as well as other people.
- They don’t care anything and cannot enjoy the life.
It is also referred to as “chronic depression” because it lasts 2 years or more at mild or moderate levels. The underlying reason for the chronicity of depression is that he does not realize that he is in a mental depression, or that he tries to solve it in the wrong places, or that his life is not a problem. In the lives of the cases of dysthymic depression, the following tables are observed:
- The responsibilities that others can assume are unnecessarily taken over and do not feel obliged to do so.
- Do not exaggerate about thinking others before you
- Unfair self-accusation
It is lighter than other types of psychiatric depression. When the problems will be out of the question or any other positive things happen, usually the depressed state disappears. This is why it is not dangerous.
The event that triggers the atypical depression is rejection or disapproval. Since some of the biggest weaknesses of women are being liked and approval, atypical depression is more common in women. The typical symptoms include:
- Be offended easily, and excessive sensitivity,
- Panic states,
- Desire to eat or sleep too much
It can be seriously fatal since both psychotic and depressive symptoms are in together. The probability of suicide attempt is very high. Medical assistance should be sought immediately for both the well-being of the patient and people around him. The typical characteristics that define this mental depression are hallucinations, flight from reality and clairaudience.
Bipolar (Manic) Depression
This type of psychological depression resembles a medallion whose faces are different from each other and it has a trapped mood. While patients may provide “manic” states for a while, they also exhibit “depressive” characteristics. People will get confused when they will meet with someone with the manic disorder.
While manic patients can be quite fun, talkative, sociable and energetic they unexpectedly become angry, belligerent and aggressive when they face with something that they dislike. They usually have problems in all of their social relationships. After the manic period, these people may show severe depressive symptoms especially during the winter season; they will again unexpectedly becomes unhappy, silent, and negative.
Women who are exposed to declines in hormone levels after birth can experience less or more sadness and anxiety. However, these may be very severe in some of them. They can experience psychosis symptoms such as hallucination. In addition to this, there are also major depressive symptoms. They have troubles in terms of the anger control. They will be accused of being unable to become a model mother by the people around them. Some of the underlying reasons for the occurrence of postpartum depressive symptoms are:
- Having unhappy marriage,
- Not feeling ready to take great responsibilities,
- Previously existing psychological problems,
- Feeling that people are involved in her life a lot.
Those women who become mothers right after the adolescence have about 30% higher risk of postpartum mental depression.
It is the kind of depression seen in the same season every year. It is highly probable that this depression will be experienced during the winter season when the sun’s rays are less visible since the importance of sun’s rays is well-known about the body functions and psychology.