Cluster type headache

What is cluster type headache ?

What is cluster headache
What is cluster headache

Remember how annoying the headache is. Then imagine that this headache shows a short but incredibly painful effect by showing attacks in the form of a cluster, that every month or week is recurring again on certain days. It is possible to describe the cluster type headache in this way. The cluster headache, which shows the effect of the same date and time interval during certain periods of the year, such as spring or autumn, comes at the beginning of the most severe types of headaches. Due to the seasonal majority, most people may mix symptoms of a cluster headache with allergies or work-induced stress symptoms.

As of now we do not know what caused the cluster-type headaches, but a nerve in the face has been found to have caused this pain. The pain that occurs behind any of the eyes is sometimes so violent that the patients will not even find the takati to stand. We can even say that the cluster-type headache is more severe than migraines in some cases. But it does not affect the duration of the migraine as long.
The cluster-type headache, which is a type of headache affecting less than 1 of 1000 people, can make the life of the affected person unbearable. Men are often caught in this disease compared to women. In general, this disease, which affects before the age of 30, may be lost spontaneously after months or years. However, it is possible to suddenly recur again without showing any symptoms.

How does cluster headaches occur?

How cluster headaches occur
How cluster headaches occur
If you suffer from a cluster-type headache, you may think, “Why me when there are millions of people on Earth?” But medicine is far from answering that question yet. Still more cluster headaches have not been revealed with all the clarity of causes. However, it is estimated that cluster headaches occur after a special neural pathway is activated in the brain. These signals sent from the deep area of the brain called the hypothalamus are causing severe headaches. The hypothalamus also takes the function of the biological clock of the people, provides sleep and waking patterns.
This nerve, called the trigeminal nerve, which is the task of creating the sensation of warmth or pain in the face area, is in a very close area of the eye and is dived to the forehead area. After the cheek and jaw area, these nerves, which extend to the ears on both sides, trigger severe headaches.
Disorders caused by tumor or aneurysm in the brain do not cause a cluster type headache.

Symptoms of cluster type headache

Symptoms of cluster type headache
Symptoms of cluster type headache
The cluster-type headache, which is very difficult to withstand, reaches its full severity in a very short period of time, usually 5-10 minutes. Pain usually shows the effect of one side of the head and the daily attacks usually occur in the same area. When a new headache period begins, pain may pass from one side to another, but this is rarely seen. Patients often resemble pain in the sensation of burning or puncture. Sometimes it can be throbbing, and sometimes it stays constant.
Those who suffer from severe cluster headaches may feel pain around or behind a single eye. Sometimes this pain can show the effect of the forehead, the cheek, the nose or the stroke. The skull can be sensitive. Sometimes patients can even feel their pulse.
Fortunately, the cluster type headache often shows the effect for a short period of time. Usually the pain that shows the effect for up to 30 to 90 minutes may disappear sometimes in 15 minutes. However, the presence of long pains, such as 3 hours, is also known. Cluster type headache can occur 1 to 3 times a day.
Attacks indicate the effect of the body in connection with a 24-hour biological clock. It is so neat and orderly that it can start a headache every day at the same time. For this reason, most patients organize their daily activities in consideration of the hours when the cluster-type headache will arise. Sometimes the pain starts at 1-2 hours after the person falls asleep and is exacerbated enough to remove the patient from his bed. The midnight attacks can be more severe than the daytime attacks.
Most people suffer daily cluster type headaches for a period of 2 weeks and 3 months. There is no pain for more than 2 weeks during this period. However, 2 out of 10 people who suffer from the cluster type headache do not suffer a headache for a maximum of 14 days for a year.
The cluster-type headache does not cause the patient to make his stomach. However, nausea may occur in patients with both migraine and cluster type headaches.

How does cluster headaches start?

How to start a cluster headache
How to start a cluster headache

Unlike the defendant, the cluster headache crisis does not always show a sudden effect. The initial symptoms that are often listed below indicate that people can be caught in the cluster type headache in a short period of time:

  • Discomfort or mild burning sensation
  • Puffy or pale eyes
  • Downsizing in pupil
  • Eye redness or irrigation
  • discharge or obstruction in the nose
  • Flushing and temperature
  • Too much sweating or light sensitivity
The cluster type headache is more frequent in people who smoke or use too much alcohol. There is more sensitivity to alcohol or nicotine in people who are infected. Even a drop of alcohol can trigger a headache.

What good is a cluster headache ?

What's good for cluster headaches
What’s good for cluster headaches
Yes, let’s do a cluster-type headache treatment. The most effective and successful way to fend off such headaches is through the use of drugs containing the substance called sumatriptan, and oxygen inhalation with facial masks for 20 minutes. Also, the Tritan drugs used to treat migraines might work. It is also known that nasal nasal sprays containing lidocaine are used for the treatment of cluster headaches.
If the cluster headache shows the effect for less than 2 weeks, the patient may prescribe preventive medications. Doctors can prescribe a cluster headache medication, such as Cafergot, Ergomear, Depakote, Calan, Covera, Isoptin, Verelan, to shorten the period of headache and reduce the incidence of attacks. In addition to these medications, the herbal treatment of cluster headaches can also be investigated.
Despite all these methods, if headaches do not stop, surgical intervention may arise as a definitive solution to the cluster headache. In such operations, the trigeminal nerve is usually interfered with.

What leads to cluster headaches?

What causes cluster headaches
What causes cluster headaches
As we mentioned before, the cluster type is not known for sure what caused the headache. However, the emergence of this type of headache suggests that the hypothalamus region, which undertook the function of the body’s biological clock, assumed an active role.
Unlike migraine and severe headaches, cluster-type headaches are usually not associated with hormonal changes, stress or foods. However, once the headache period starts, consuming alcohol may cause a relapse of the pain. Due to this reason, patients must refrain from alcohol consumption during the period.
Another possible trigger may be the nitroglycerin-active drugs used to treat heart disease.

Cluster type headache Risk factors

Cluster type headache Risk factors
Cluster type headache Risk factors
Almost everyone can experience the cluster type headache without any triggers. However, people who carry some risk factors may be more easily caught up in this disease.
Gender. Men are more attracted to a cluster-type headache than women.
Age. The cluster type headache usually shows the effect between 20 and 50 years of age. However, the disease may affect the person at any age.
Cigarette. The majority of people suffering from the cluster type headache are smokers. Unfortunately, quitting smoking is often not enough to relieve pain.
Alcohol. If the patient is at risk of a cluster-type headache, alcohol may trigger pain.
Family history. A parent or son who is caught in a cluster-type headache increases the risk of attracting headaches.


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