What is Anxiety ?

What is Anxiety?

What is Anxiety
What is Anxiety?

Anxiety is the intense worry, tension, and distress that people feel due to hereditary predisposition and environmental factors. In addition to being a mental illness, both living and the treatment of anxiety, which greatly reduces the quality of life, is quite challenging. The treatment process can take years. Although it is possible to fully recover, there is a high likelihood that repetition or traces will be seen at some point in life.

The will of the patient to recover, how much he accepted himself and how much effort he pays will be determinant for the duration of treatment and in the efficiency obtained with the treatment. Anxiety usually starts to give its first signs at an early age. It is the most common psychological problem in our age and it continues to increase.

How Anxiety Occurs ?

How Anxiety Occurs
How Anxiety Occurs
People cannot find the opportunity to identify themselves and postpone their problems without even realizing them in these days where the communication is excessively broken and our mind is engaged in many things. These postponed problems may show themselves in an unexpected moment with a simple action. The subconscious is automatically switched on, and it causes changes in brain waves and chemistry. Therefore, the effect of the changes begins to appear in our bodies.
In general, when the body goes into a state of emergency, it is a product of the defense mechanism of the subconscious. Learned and experienced things determine when and how this mechanism will work. When a difficult situation is encountered, the subconscious begins to operate in order to run the stress mechanism of the body in line with the information stored in there (for instance, such as “you will be fired in case you will not prepare the reports on time” knowledge).
Especially the brain works extremely efficiently in the body which is under the stress and people will try to find a way to eliminate the challenging situation in the most intelligently and serially manner. When the problem is resolved, the entire system of the body returns to normal. All of these are normal processes that every human being experiences. When this mechanism is turned on exaggeratedly when there is no any obvious danger, it may be the indicator of a problem that can not be realized. This problem can be organic or psychological. In short, anxiety can be considered as a distortion in the brain’s interpretation mechanism. This interpretation mechanism may be distorted with things such as traumatic events, addictions, genetic predispositions, negative beliefs imposed on the subconscious.

What Are the Types of Anxiety ?

What are the types of anxiety?
What Are the Types of Anxiety
Anxiety is examined in 5 groups in line with the experienced symptoms.
  1. Panic Disorder
  2. Phobic Disorder
  3. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
  4. Generalized Anxiety Disorder
  5. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Panic Disorder

It is a feeling of intense fear that emerges in the form of attacks. During the attacks, patients will feel terrible things that a person who is confronted with the fact of death feels. This neuropsychological disorder, which is usually encountered for the first time in young ages, causes the person to find himself in the emergency department of the hospital after the first attack. In the absence of an organic finding as a result of the tests conducted in the emergency department of the hospital, these symptoms that are experienced indicates panic disorder and the patient will be directed to psychiatry.
The following symptoms occur in during the panic attack.
During a panic attack, the following symptoms occur in patients:
  • Heartburn,
  • Feeling like drowning,
  • Pain in the chest,
  • Numbness in hands and feet,
  • Shortness of breath,
  • Blur in the sense of reality (feeling the environment and even himself as a foreigner, feeling like he is in a game),
  • Sweating
  • Hot or cold waves on the face,
  • Feeling like you are going to faint,
  • Fearing of going mad and harm everyone,
  • Thinking that you are going die
Few or all of the symptoms may be experienced. Those who experience the panic attack for the first time and do not have any idea about how it is may faint by not being able to tolerate it. Their greatest fears will be to experience this moment again from then on. When people know this disease well and realize that they are experiencing an attack as well as know what to do, they will see that these symptoms will end in 10 minutes and leave its place to an extreme tiredness.

Phobic Disorder

The “phobic disorder” is an anxiety which leads people to put a distance or avoid extremely from the things that are afraid of as well as feeling a feat that is incompatible with reason against a person, an object or activity. Although the person is aware of how meaningless their fear is, they lose their logic when they face with them, they will be unable to control themselves and use their will. Panic and anxiety will take the control of them and force them to leave that environment. The most common types of phobia include the following:
  • Fear of being in open field (Agoraphobia)
  • Fear of being in closed areas (Claustrophobia)
  • Fear of diseases (Nosophobia)
  • Fear of sea (Thalassophobia)
  • Fear of insects (Entomophobia)
  • Fear of height (Acrophobia)
  • Fear of being in social environments (Social Phobia)

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Living the life in an unrest manner by sink into feelings which is contrary to his own identity, culture and belief are called obsession. The person cannot prevent himself from thinking things that he does not want. The compulsion defines the actions that he carries out outside of his own will. Carrying out these actions makes the person very uncomfortable however his drive always win.
Symptoms of the obsessive-compulsive disorder include the following:
  • Feeling uncomfortable by thinking that he may leave the iron, gas or sink open although he checked them for many times while leaving the house,
  • Checking whether he received the money back as it should be after the shopping,
  • Feeling that there may be something wrong in accounting calculations and calculating things over and over again,
  • Uneasiness in religious matters
  • Fearing of harming someone from the family, kill them by stabbing despite he does not want such thing,
  • Acting unreasonably without his will in his mind to all values which are accepted sacred (this case may lead to great pain and spiritual wear on the people),
  • Thinking someone may hide in closets or behind the doors when the person comes home from outside and checking the entire house in detail,
  • Repeatedly washing hands, however, believing that microbes still remain in his hands,
  • Placing goods orderly,
  • Checking the locks and windows for many times prior to sleeping.
Such events which take place without the will of the person and similar obsessions are within the scope of obsessive-compulsive.

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Although the symptoms are not typical, it is the generalized anxiety situation which lasts at least one month and affects daily life negatively. The symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder are as follows:
  • Motor Tension Condition: Things such as jumping due to a minor sound may happen, and feeling of excessive nervous, shaky, clumsy, and anxious are present. Muscular aches, fatigue, eye sicknesses, wrinkles in the forehead, sighs, and stiffness can be observed in people who experience these.
  • Autonomic Excessive Actions: Most of the symptoms of panic attacks belong to this group as well. In addition to this, frequent urination, diarrhea, stomach disorders may be observed.
  • Elaborateness: A person thinks too much about the details of any behavior or word against him and he interprets them negatively. This also makes the patient nervous. As a side effect of all these situations the person experiences focus issues, sleep problems begin to occur and they feel tired after the sleep.
  • Anxious Waiting: It is the situation where a person will have anxiety as something bad may happen at any time. The typical symptoms are feeling great fears such as he is going to go mad, faint, lose his family or die.

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

It is a disorder that may occur due to events that can affect the human being such as natural disasters, accidents, rape, being hostage, or trapped in a place where no one can reach or hear. The symptoms include the following:
  • The events will take place in the mind over and over again.
  • The events will take place in dreams too often in a detailed manner.
  • There will be anxiety seizures due to the worry of experiencing the same situation again.
  • Moodiness, irritability, not being able to focus and sleep problems may be experienced.

How is Anxiety Treatment?

How is Anxiety Treatment?
How is anxiety treatment?
Behavioral therapy is the most effective and permanent treatment method. The fear will be revealed with the therapist and new belief mechanisms are created in subconscious about the thing that is feared. The therapist determined how the treatment will be applied in line with the psychological condition and the mood of the patient.
Appropriate approaches will be implemented in order to calm, relax the patient and reduce his fears. The use of antidepressant may also be in question in some severe and complex cases.


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