What are the goiter symptoms ?

What is goiter?

The Adam’s diamond, located just below the larynx, also hosts the thyroid gland. Various disorders caused by abnormal growth of the thyroid gland result in goiter disease. Goiter patients have swelling in the throat area and may have difficulty swallowing.

Goiter has many different varieties in itself. For example, the entire thyroid gland grows in Graves disease. The toxic Guatrda, another goiter variant, causes the thyroid hormone to be more secretion by one or more nodules on the trioid gland. However, it is possible that we can roughly characterize the goiter discomfort as the growth of the thyroid gland.
The biggest factor that causes the occurrence of Guatrin is the lack of iodine in consumed foods. Since the use of iodized salt in Turkey is common, goiter disease is not seen as often as it used to. However, the inability of thyroid hormones to be secreted can cause nodules to occur in the thyroid gland. The treatment of the disease may vary depending on the size of the Guatrin, the underlying sebebe and other symptoms seen. Small size goiter often does not cause problems and treatment is not needed.
In some cases, transient goiter, which can heal spontaneously without requiring any medical intervention, can sometimes be a symptom of severe disturbances that compel more serious operations. Thyroid gland cancer comes at the beginning of them.

Why would goiter?

If the trioid gland produces too much thyroid hormone (hyperthyroidism) or less hormone secretion (hypothyriodism), the goiter discomfort may occur. Hyperthyroidism is also known as toxic goiter among the people. In some rare cases, goiter may occur if the pituitary gland stimulates the release of the Triod hormone. In non-toxic goiter discomfort, the thyroid gland can continue to secrete thyroid hormone at the usual level. The signs of goiter and toxic goiter are very different from each other.
Another variation of thyroid gland growth is called sporadic goiter. Sporadic goiter disease may occur if a lot of nutrients such as soybeans, cabbage, peach, peanuts, and spinach are consumed in the diet list of people who can lead to Guatra. It is recommended for the treatment of goiter to consume nutrients containing iodized salt instead of such foods that inhibit the iodine processing capacity of the thyroid gland and prevent it from producing thyroid hormone.
The causes of goiter that led to the formation of Guatrin are as follows:
Graves disease: As mentioned earlier, goiter sometimes occurs when the thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormone (hyperthyroidism). In Graves ‘ disease, antibodies secreted by the immune system accidentally attack the thyroid gland and cause a lot of thyrosin hormone to produce. This causes the disease to arise in the thyroid gland as we know it as bloating and goiter.
Hashimoto disease: Goiter may also occur if the thyroid glands do not work efficiently (hyperthyrodism). Like Graves ‘ disease, the pest disease is a form of immune system disorder. However, this disease causes less hormone secretion than it should, contrary to the thyroid gland producing too much hormones.
multinodular goiter: This disease causes the nodule to occur around the thyroid gland, which is filled with many solid or intra-liquid liquids. Too much growth of the thyroid gland causes goiter disease.
thyroid nodule: thyroid nodules that can occur in any area of the thyroid gland are often benign and do not cause cancer.
Thyroid cancer: very rare thyroid cancer compared to benign nodules is diagnosed by the emergence of malignant nodules in the thyroid gland. The biopsy procedure for the thyroid nodule can be determined whether the nodule is cancerous.
Pregnancy: In the process of pregnancy, the body produces a large amount of HCG hormone, which can cause the thyroid gland to grow more than it should.
Inflammation: A type of inflammation, also known as thyroiditis, can cause swelling and pain in the thyroid glands in the throat. In addition, this disease may cause excessive or very low levels of thyrosin hormone production.

What are the symptoms of goiter?

The symptoms of goiter disease are as follows:

  • Bloating at the starting point of the throat. This bulge can sometimes be a point, and sometimes the whole of the throat.
  • If you have been infected with hyperthyroidism (the thyroid gland being overly active), there may also be weight loss in spite of an appetite increase among the symptoms. Pulse elevation, increased blood pressure, tension, diarrhea, muscle weakness and tremor can be seen.
  • The symptoms of hypothyroidism (less study of the thyroid gland) include drowsiness, slowdown in physical and mental functions, depression, low pulse, weakness for cold, constipation, rapidly gaining weight, tingling and numbness Gets.
If you are experiencing an egg-sized bulge in your throat when you are manually examined, if you have difficulty swallowing, you should consult with the doctor immediately if you have complaints such as dizziness and noise-reducing. Because goiter applies pressure to the esophagus as well as the veins on the neck. Depending on the size of the nodule, drug treatment or goiter surgery may be needed.
Small size goiter can only disturb the person in physical or cosmetic form. However, the growing goiter may also cause the patient to have difficulty breathing and swallowing in the later period. Likewise, cough and noise are among the symptoms of Guatrin.
On the other hand, Guatirin is also known to have a relationship with a variety of disorders in addition to hypothyroidism or hypertension. Fatigue, weight loss, sleep disorders, and irritability. In general, goiter damages can be listed in this way.

How can goiter be understood?

Most of the time, the goiter, which is large enough to be diagnosed or visible by hand, may be discovered by the doctor during an ordinary examination in some cases. Either way, it is to examine whether the goiter’s discomfort is a symptom of any other thyroid gland disease. For this, the thyroid gland is examined with ultrasonography, the presence of nodules and the size of the gland. In the meantime, blood tests are measured in the thyroid hormone levels in the body.
Additional tests can be requested to accurately diagnose the diagnosis in accordance with the results obtained after ultrasound and blood test. The presence of thyroid antibodies can be observed after examination of blood in the laboratory environment. If you have hyperthyroid discomfort, if you are not pregnant or breastfeeding a baby, the underlying cause of the guatrin can be determined by the test of radioactive iodine intake. This test also reveals whether nodules are active and the risk of turning the nodule into cancer.

What are the risk factors of goiter?

Everyone can get a goiter disease. This disease may arise in any period of life, even after birth, can show the effect. Are there any risk of goiter in infants? Yes, the babies can be seen in goiter. In general, the risk factors of Guatrin are as follows:
  • Iodine deficiency. In Modern and developed countries, this problem is not uncommon, but goiter discomfort is often seen in areas where access to iodized foods such as Africa is restricted. Goiter may occur in people who cannot consume enough iodized food.
  • Gender. According to women’s structures, thyroid gland disorders are more frequently captured than men.
  • Age. Goiter usually occurs after the age of 40.
  • Medical history. Patients with autoimmune disorders in family members are more likely to be caught in Guatra.
  • Pregnancy and menopause. Although the cause has not yet been fully revealed, thyroid gland diseases arise more frequently during pregnancy and menopause. For this reason, goiter can be seen in pregnancy..
  • Drug use. Drugs such as the active ingredient amiodarone, Cordarone and Pacerone, as well as lithobid drugs, increase the risk of goiter disease.
  • Goiter can be seen in people applying radiation therapy in the neck or chest area.

Goiter disease Treatment

If goiter is too small and does not cause any discomfort, your doctor can test whether the thyroid gland is functioning normally. If the Test result is positive, the doctors can watch the “wait and see” strategy if there is no problem with the functions such as swallowing and breathing. The treatment of goiter disease can be supported by consuming iodine in the long run.
However, if the thyroid glands are less likely to work and cannot secrete enough hormones (hypothyroidism), drug therapy is inevitable. This can be prescribed to patients with a variety of goiter medications such as levoxyl, synthroid and thyrosint. The names of these goiter medications will eliminate the symptoms of hypothyrodizmin, reduce the volume of the Guatrin that appears in the neck, and stimulate the thyroid gland to return to normal function.
If there is inflammation in the thyroid gland, doctors can choose the way to treat inflammation with the help of aspirin or corticosteroid medications. hyperthyroid, i.e. the excessive study of the thyroid gland can be prescribed again to normalize the hormone level.
The removal of all or part of the thyroid gland (thyroidectomy) may also arise as an option in cases where drug therapy does not respond. Surgical intervention is performed if the patient suffers difficulty in breathing and swallowing. The patient can be operated on the path of the Nodular Guatrin hyperthyrodime. There is also a surgical intervention in the treatment of thyroid cancer. According to the amount of thyroid gland taken with the operation, patients must take the levotrorosin medication after goiter surgery.
In some cases where the thyroid gland works more than necessary, radioactive iodine treatment may be recommended to patients. Radioactive iodine obtained through the mouth reaches into the bloodstream and destroys the thyroid cells. As a result of this treatment, the size of the guatrin shrinks, but sometimes the thyroid gland can cause very little work.

What good is goiter disease?

Most goiter diseases are caused by people not taking enough iodine. With minor changes in lifestyle, it is possible to treat Guatri at home.

Get enough iodine. Consume iodized salt or fish to get the iodine that your body needs. Eating fish at least twice a week will satisfy your need for iodine. For example, a large amount of iodine is found in the Carideck. Cow’s milk and yogurt are also a source of beneficial iodine.
Everyone needs a minimum of 150 micrograms of iodine per day. This measure corresponds to a small amount of iodized salt than half of a tea spoon. Adequate iodine intake is especially important for lactating and pregnant women. Likewise, children and infants must be fully met with iodine need.
Of course, it’s good to avoid excess iodine from the intake. Although not very common, it is known that too much iodine intake has caused guatra. In such cases, consuming iodine-free salt might work.


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  1. To determine internal swelling is difficult enough, therefore, consequently, they influence the body for a long time, which threatens the normal fetus. Fluids are dangerous because they break blood circulation. Similar picture leads to worsening feeding and the breath baby, formed hypoxia.
    Fighting such a pathology should be done with the help of correction feeding and special exercises so that fluid does not stay tissues. If the woman is resting, then under the feet preferably put a cushion or pillow to improve the blood circulation of tired legs. Prohibited long time to sit or stand, as this leads to stagnation in the body. It is recommended that the knee-elbow position several times a day in order to increase blood flow.

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