Side Effects of Chemotherapy

What is chemotherapy?

what is chemotherapy
what is chemotherapy

Chemotherapy; treatment of cancer patients with various medications. As it is known, cancer has become an increasingly prevalent disease today and research is underway for a better treatment in this regard. There is a wide range of research possibilities since almost every day new cancer cases are recorded.

Chemotherapy drugs include hormones and immunotherapy drugs. Immunotherapy drugs are medicines that are used to enhance the body’s own defense mechanisms. With the strengthening of the immune system, the cancer cells in the body are eliminated. In addition, certain symptomatic drugs are given to cancer patients so that the chemotherapy treatment processes can be overcome easily and the side effects such as nausea and vomiting can be eliminated.
Chemotherapy drugs are cytocidal drugs. It means cytocidal & quot; cell stopper & quot ;. The purpose of these drugs is to stop the cancer cells that are starting to form, or to prevent new occurrences. The doctor selects the area of ​​influence of these drugs according to the condition of the patient. Cancer tissues that tend to metastasize (spread) are given chemotherapeutic drugs that are effective throughout the body. However, if this is not the case, only drugs targeting the target tissue will be written and these drugs will be used in the designated sessions.
Chemotherapy drugs usually do not exceed brain barriers; but this is the case with medicines used in the treatment of brain tumors

How is chemotherapy applied?

how is chemotherapy applied
how is chemotherapy applied
Chemotherapy drugs can be administered pills, intravenously, or directly to the organ itself by performing surgical intervention. Chemotherapy sessions may be administered at various intervals according to the general health condition of the patient and the condition of the disease. Some cancer treatments can be terminated with a single session, while in others the sessions can be repeated once a week or 2-3-4 weeks. How many sessions of chemotherapy are given or how long does chemotherapy last? only the doctor will determine this according to the condition of the patient.
These chemotherapy drugs are usually given with serum. (Very few of them can be used as a sugar serum, or “saline”, which is often referred to as “saline”.) The duration of the used serum is also determined by the condition of the patient and the patient. There are 10 minutes of serum application, as well as 5 hours.
As many of you know, after the chemotherapy sessions, the patient experiences very serious side effects. Nausea and vomiting are the first side effects of chemotherapy. In order to prevent these side effects, additional treatments are applied before chemotherapy or during chemotherapy. Thus, the quality of life of the patient is not affected as much as possible in the treatment process. The chemotherapy process, which does not cause nausea or vomiting, can be said to indicate that the treatment is being performed correctly.

Side Effects of Chemotherapy

side effects of chemotherapy
side effects of chemotherapy
The main purpose of chemotherapy application is to suppress the proliferation of cancer cells. However, unfortunately, these drugs are cancerous cells as well as normal cells are suppressed. This inevitably causes the body functions not to work properly. Chemotherapy most affects the blood and vascular system. Over time, the veins shrink during application. This shrinkage also increases the blood pressure, which sets the stage for the vessels to be damaged in the long run. The only way to avoid this is to consume plenty of water during chemotherapy. However, the body is thus free of toxic effects and the side effects of chemotherapy are alleviated as much as possible.
Each chemotherapy drug can have other side effects in the body. Some medicines, for example, are in the digestive system, some in the liver, others in the heart; that is, it has an adverse effect on the circulatory system.
When normal cells are suppressed by chemotherapy drugs, the cells become inoperable. Or it is inadequate. As you know, every particle of the human body consists of cells. It undertakes all vital functions. Many tasks are provided with cells, such as using imported foods, turning them into energy, and removing waste from the body. If this action can not be achieved, body systems can not function properly. Nausea and vomiting occur because the digestive system is not working well. These bulloses can not eat, which leads to loss of appetite.
The unhealthy body is faced with the problem of fatigue and the blood values ​​fall at the fastest rate. Protein deficiency begins to form in the body, and this is manifested especially by hair loss. However, all these side effects can be avoided with good measures or at least the severity can be reduced. During the treatment, a number of reinforcements or treatments are made to remove the toxic effects of chemotherapy from the body.
Another issue that people are worried about about side effects of chemotherapy is that chemotherapy will not come out of the hair when it comes out. The effect of chemotherapy on the hair is only active during chemotherapy. Some of their hair can be completely poured or slightly poured. This will vary completely depending on the person and the effect of the drugs used. After chemotherapy it was observed that hair became lighter, more curly and darker than the old one.

Chemotherapy Drugs

what are the chemotherapy drugs
what are the chemotherapy drugs
There are a large number of chemotherapy drugs in the healthcare sector. These drugs are in different chemistries and can act in different ways. Side effects are also different. It is entirely up to the individual to whom the side effects of chemotherapy will vibrate in the body. Some bodies can easily poison these medicines, while others may collapse. For this reason, the drug type and cure to be applied to each patient will be different from each other. Therefore, the question of how long the chemotherapy treatment lasts will not be a clear answer.
The doctor decides which chemotherapy drugs to use and how many cures to use depending on the patient’s condition, the condition of the cancerous condition and the general health condition of the patient. When drugs are started to be used, the way in which they respond to these drugs is tracked to what extent the cancerous tissue benefits from this chemotherapy treatment. If the loss of the drug is greater than the benefit, the doctor may change the drug and its mode of administration. It is also possible to add other medicines to the existing medicines used.
Chemotherapy drugs are pretty serious drugs. The vena cava can be injected subcutaneously, into the lungs, or into the peritoneum. Chemotherapy medications taken by oral route (pills) have also been developed. However, these drugs do not come to joke drugs. Side effects can take him to death. It is therefore vital that the physician is well-trained and that the patient is closely monitored during the sessions.

Post-Chemotherapy Care

care after chemotherapy
care after chemotherapy
Patients undergoing chemotherapy are seriously worn out during this treatment and it is necessary to compensate for these wounds as best as possible. After chemotherapy, some special treatments should be applied to accelerate the normalization of general health.

Plenty of Water Consumption:

The most important first step to remove the toxic effect of chemotherapy from the body as soon as possible and to compensate for the loss of water caused by diarrhea caused by chemotherapy is to increase water consumption. It is useful to follow the doctor’s instructions about how much water the patient will consume. Patients can consume 2 or 2.5 liters of water per day if the doctor has not made any restrictions on water consumption. This can be increased in seasons when there is a lot of sweat.

Nutrition :

Nutrition after chemotherapy is at least as vital as chemotherapy treatment. Patients who see chemotherapy do not have to eat or eat what they eat, so it is necessary to consult the doctor well.
Low and frequent meals are usually the preferred form of diet after feeding chemotherapy. The number of daily meals is 6 and these meals should be light and small. Hot meals are not suitable for patients receiving chemotherapy. It usually causes nausea. So food should be given by cooling. The patient receiving the chemotherapy diet and how to eat can be briefly listed as follows:
  • Watery and soft foods (The function of the digestive system is not very efficient, so it should be treated in a way that it does not eat it. Yoghurt, ayran, soup, cooked vegetables can be considered as chemotherapy foods. )
  • Oil-free and unglazed foods (spices and fat can burn, nausea and vomiting)
  • Sugar free foods (Sweet consumption can cause nausea. In addition, cancer cells love sugar, so you should stay away as much as possible.)
Consumption in the season is very important. The hormones used in seasonal vegetables are disturbed by chemotherapy and can cause the body system to become more vulnerable, which has become vulnerable. Vegetables must be well washed and purified from micro-organisms. Packaged foods with additives should not be consumed.

Hair care :

With chemotherapy, the hair begins to spill and after about 8 weeks of treatment with chemotherapy, the hair begins to come out again. These hair becomes very sensitive. Therefore, buckle-like things should not be used as much as possible. Shampoo application should also be limited. Otherwise, already sensitive hair is worn out very rapidly with chemical-containing shampoo. Since baby shampoos are more natural and sensitive, they are the reason to prefer hair care after chemotherapy.

Oral care :

Chemotherapy also sensitizes the oral cavity. Therefore, soft brushes should be used instead of hard brushes; If he is bleeding, mouthwashing must be completed with mouthwash. Those who use dentures may remove their teeth by cleaning. These teeth must be removed at night.

Hand and Body Care:

Patients after chemotherapy should be very careful about their cleanliness as they become vulnerable to infection. Hands should be washed frequently, body cleansing should be done at certain intervals. Manicure pedicure outdoors should be kept away for a long time. The risk of infection is very high in such applications.

Is there any harm to people with chemotherapy patients?

Are there any harm to the people next to patients who are receiving chemotherapy
Are there any harm to the people next to patients who are receiving chemotherapy

Whether you are relatives of the patient or are healthcare workers who are preparing and practicing chemotherapy drugs, they can be exposed to the negative effects of chemotherapy drugs. The vast majority of chemotherapy drugs are cytotoxic. So the cells poison and kill. Ultimately, this situation puts not only patients receiving chemotherapy, but those who prepare, store or dispose of these medicines, at serious risk. The person next to the patient who received the chemotherapy may be harmed. Here are some of the possible harms.

  • Disruption in the genetics of cells; that is, it can cause cancer,
  • Hair loss can occur,
  • It may cause menstrual irregularity by distorting the hormonal balance,
  • It can poison organs,
  • Infertility; which can lead to infertility (can negatively affect egg and sperm function),
  • May cause skin problems,
  • It can irritate the eyes and epithelial tissue (internal organs and soft, secretory tissue surrounding the mouth)
  • It can cause premature birth or miscarriage.

Chemotherapy Patient Relatives What Should I Watch?

patients should take care of patients who receive chemotherapy
patients should take care of patients who receive chemotherapy

Antineoplastic drugs are commonly used drug groups in chemotherapy and cause the negative effects mentioned above. Patients live in their bodies between 48 hours and 5 days after taking these medicines. The effect of drugs on stool, sweat or saliva continues. Medical staff and relatives of patients who prefer to keep treatment at home should definitely be trained in this respect.

Patients’ relatives or hospital personnel must wear gloves and aprons when taking the patient’s clothes and linen. Preventive measures should be taken for the patient’s body cleaning and personal care and medication should be avoided. Training on how to dispose of drug waste, how to prepare and store medicines is a must. The likelihood of victimization in this way is minimized.

How long does it last after chemotherapy is over:

The duration of chemotherapy treatment depends on the duration of the effect, the duration of chemotherapy, and the duration of chemotherapy. Symptoms starting with chemotherapy, such as nausea and vomiting, usually come to an end with chemotherapy. However, there are also side effects that develop very later. Infertility, early menopause, bone problems, organ problems are some of them. The answer is very important because the person’s chemotherapy. If the response is not very positive, the side effects that will develop in the body system with the worn body will cause the general health to worsen much more.

What should a chemotherapy patient do if a patient is infected?

what to do if the patient receiving the chemotherapy is influenza
what to do if the patient receiving the chemotherapy is influenza

As already mentioned, chemotherapy drugs cause serious damage to normal cells as well as cancerous cells. This causes the body to be exposed to more toxins and to experience protein, vitamin, mineral defects; blood values ​​fall. All this has negative echoes in the immune system. As a result, the body becomes vulnerable to all kinds of infections. It will not be easy to fight him if he gets caught. The best thing chemotherapy patients can do about the flu is to never allow it to spread. Therefore, it is of great benefit for these patients to wander through the respiratory tract with a mask covering them.

Patients receiving chemotherapy treatment are definitely directed to influenza vaccination because they are in the risk group. These vaccinations should be done while approaching the flu season. Influenza vaccination will have no side effects on these patients other than mild pain and fever. These minor side effects are also temporary.
If, despite all precautions, the person is caught in the chemotherapy process, the patient may benefit from the anti-viral drugs written by the doctor. Certainly it should not go beyond the instructions of the doctor. Anti-viral medicines in randomly selected other chemistries may cause unexpected complications. In some cases, the physician may stop taking chemotherapy until the flu season is over. This is entirely a course of treatment that can be decided depending on the doctor’s impression on the patient and the condition at hand. So whatever the doctor’s instructions should be followed; but if you have any complaints about medicines, this should be shared immediately with the doctor.
Healthy eating is extremely important for these patient groups. In this process, doctors will not write antibiotics if they are very light. Therefore, it is tried to be closed with good nutrition. There are nutrition lists prepared by doctors for these types of conditions and will probably recommend it to the patient. Patients must also follow the nutritional instructions.

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