Alt konu başlıkları
What is hypothyroidism
hypothyroidism, i.e. less work than the thyroid gland should be, is a common disease among the public. This disease, also known as hypothyroidism, causes the thyroid gland not to secrete enough thyroid hormone.
The thyroid gland is located in the starting section of the Bosphorus and has a butterfly-shaped structure. The hormones secreted by this gland affect almost every point of the body by mingling into the bloodstream. Keep it from the heart and the brain, to the muscles and the skin. The minimal study of the thyroid gland that carries vital importance to health triggers various diseases.
what is thyroid
How to use the energy obtained from nutrients of all cells in the body, which is called metabolism, controls the thyroid hormone. As well as many other effects on the human body, metabolism determines how well you burn the body temperature, heart rate and calories. If you don’t have enough thyroid hormones, your metabolism will slow down with all the other organs in your body. That means the body has less energy.
When we look at the causes of hypothyroidism, it is the most common factor to take out the vermin thyroid. Thyroiditis is called inflammation occurring in the thyroid gland. The Hashimoto thyroiditis is a type of immune system disorder. In patients who are afflicted with this disorder, the body-generated antibodies attack and destroy the thyroid gland. In some cases, thyroiditis may also occur as a result of viral infection.
Other reasons for the low functioning of the thyroid gland are as follows:
Radiation therapy in the neck area
While treating certain types of cancers such as Lemfoma, the application of radiation to the neck area may be mandatory. In such cases, radiation may damage the cells in the thyroid gland. As a result, thyroid hormone in the thyroid gland becomes more difficult to produce, the gland works inefficient.
Radioactive iodine Treatment
This treatment method is commonly applied in patients with an extremely active thyroid gland, also known as hyperthyroidism. As with radiation therapy, the thyroid gland is damaged in the treatment of radioactive iodine and hypothyroidism is revealed.
Various drug therapies
Some medications prescribed to the patient for use in the treatment of cardiovascular disorders, psychiatric cases and cancer may adversely affect the production of thyroid hormone. Medications such as Cordarone and Pacerone that host amiodarone active substance can be included in this list.
The surgeries for the removal of the thyroid gland will cause hypothyroidism discomfort. If only a fraction of the thyroid gland is taken, the remaining part can produce the thyroid hormone that the body needs.
Your body needs iodine in order to produce thyroid hormone. Because iodine is not produced by the body, you can only get this substance through nutrition. In order to do this, the use of iodized table salt in the imported foods will be to give weight. Because almost every salt iodized in the markets, it’s hard to have trouble at this point. In addition, eggs and shellfish are among the natural iodine sources. As a result, a direct connection between hypothyroidism and nutrition can be mentioned.
Although the cause is not yet fully known, inflammation in the thyroid gland may sometimes occur after pregnancy. This disorder is referred to as postpartum thyroiditis in the medical literature. A high proportion of the thyroid hormone levels of women caught in the disease is observed, followed by a severe decrease in hormone levels. Fortunately, most women who have been caught in postpartum thyroiditis discomfort get back to normal function in the later period.
Some babies may experience diseases originating from the thyroid gland from birth. This type of hypothyroidism discomfort, which is seen in infants with an ideal development or non-functioning thyroid gland, is also referred to as congenital hypothesis. Nowadays, patients are screening in newborn infants against this disease.
Pituitary gland Disorders
A problem that may occur in the pituitary gland may adversely affect the production of thyroid hormone, although it is rarely seen. Because the pituitary gland also produces a hormone known as the thyroid stimulators hormone (TSH). This hormone stimulates the thyroid gland at the point of how much hormone it should produce and secrete.
A very rare cause of hypothyroidism caused by the hypothalamus in the brain does not produce enough trh hormones. This hormone called TRH decides how much tsh hormone the pituitary gland will secrete.
Primary hypothyroidism refers to a disorder arising from the thyroid gland itself. Secondary hypothyroidism is caused by a negative effect on the thyroid gland’s ability to produce hormones. To give an example, the pituitary gland and the hypothalamus produce hormones that stimulate the release of the thyroid hormone. Any problem that will arise in these parts of the body can lead to less functioning of the thyroid hormone. In addition, some disorders caused by the hypothalamus to work less than the thyroid gland are called tertiary hypothyroidism.
Who is at risk of hypothyroidism
Women, especially older women, are more conducive to the discomfort of hypothyroidism compared to men. In addition, this disease can be seen in people with immune system disorders or hypothyroidism disease in family members.
Other risk factors are as follows:
- Race (seen more often in white or Asians)
- Age (elderly risk is more)
- People who are grillered early
- People with immune system discomfort such as type 1 diabetes, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, celiac disease, Addison’s disease, vitiligo or vitamin B-12 deficiency anemia.
- Bipolar disorder
- Down syndrome
- Turner syndrome
The symptoms of thyroid less work that adversely affect the quality of life are sometimes confused, sometimes mixed with other diseases. However, the symptoms of less study of the thyroid gland are as follows:
- Changes in menstrual cycle
- Drying and hair loss
- Dry skin
- Increased sensitivity to cold
- Slowing heart rate
- Unexplained weight gain or difficulty in losing weight
- Carpal tunnel syndrome
The answer to the question “What are the symptoms of hypothyroidism?” is as follows.
On the other hand, hypothyroidism in infants may sometimes not show any symptoms. Nevertheless, the symptoms of hypothyroidism in infants are as follows:
- Cold in hands and feet
- Don’t sleep too much
- Don’t cry softly, muffled
- Don’t grow up enough
- The muscles are powerless
- Permanent jaundice (yellowing of eye flow and skin)
- Weak nutrition habit
- Swelling in percentage, stomach and tongue
- Language sagging
If you have observed one or more of the symptoms listed above in your baby, it is advisable to make an appointment with your doctor to treat hypothyroidism in children as soon as you can. It would be helpful to keep in mind that these symptoms may be caused by other medical problems.
Diagnosis of hypothyroidism
People who suspect the symptoms of the disease and who want to be treated with hypothyroidism need to measure hormone levels after the blood test the Doctor wants.
In the laboratory environment, thyroid stimulatory hormone (TSH) and T4 (thyrosin) hormones are measured. If the T4 hormone level in the blood is normal, it can be diagnosed with hypothypois. However, some people may observe that the T4 hormone increases at the normal level at the tsh level. Described as the early stage of hypothyroidism, this is referred to as subclinical hypothyroid in medical language. The answer to the question of “What is subclinical hypothyroidism?” can be given in this way.
If the outcome of the test results and physical examination appear abnormal, your doctor may request a thyroid ultrasound or thyroid scan. With these scans, nodules or inflammations in the thyroid gland are observed.
Treatment of hypothyroidism
Patients diagnosed with hypothyroidism by the physician are obliged to take the medications used to treat hypothyroidism containing a synthetic (human-made) thyroid hormone prescribed every day. However, some other medications taken at this point may affect the body’s synthetic thyroid hormone digestion performance. Therefore, it is advised that all drugs and supplements that people want to receive are included in the physician’s knowledge and consent. Likewise, the same situation applies to the herbal treatment methods of hypothyroidism.
In addition, regular blood tests must be done to measure the values of hypothyroidism. As these levels change over time, the dosage of drug therapy can also be changed.
hypothyroidism is untreated
Because hormones directly affect our body, the failure to treat hypothyroidism may trigger diseases that are mentioned below:
- Heart disease
- Joint pain
In addition, thyroid problems seen in pregnant women can adversely affect the developing infant in the mother’s womb. Because in the first three months of pregnancy, the baby gets all the thyroid hormones he needs from the mother. If the mother had hypothyroidism discomfort, the baby would not have enough thyroid hormone. This leads to problems related to the baby’s mental development.
On the other hand, if the thyroid hormone falls to very critical levels, life-threatening miksödem discomfort arises. This disease, which we can characterize as a very violent state of hypothyroidism, may cause the person to enter into a coma or lose consciousness. Furthermore, Miksödem can cause the body temperature to decline to very low levels, resulting in a loss of the patient’s life. All these possibilities indicate how important it is to treat the thyroid gland.